Connect with us

General News

What is Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM)? Causes, Mode of Transmission, Symptoms and Prevention

Published

on

What is Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM)?

Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM) is a very serious infection that can sometimes lead to fatal
consequences.

CSM is an acute inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and the spinal cord (meninges). This condition is classified as a medical emergency. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) about 10 -15 % of patients diagnosed with CSM die (http://www.who.int/en/).

Causes of Cerebrospinal Meningitis

Meningitis can be caused by bacterial, viral, fungi and even chemicals. In our environment, the
leading cause is bacterial. Bacterial meningitis is caused by various bacterial pathogens.

Neisseria meningitides, Streptococcus pneumonia, and Haemophilus influenza type B are the
triad responsible for over 80% of all cases of bacterial meningitis.

Under certain environmental conditions such as dry weather, dusty winds, high temperatures
during the day and cold temperatures at night (especially during the harmattan season from
October to March), the virulence of these otherwise naturally existing microorganisms increases,
causing sporadic outbreaks of cerebrospinal meningitis.

People living in overcrowded conditions, poorly ventilated houses and generally poor sanitary conditions are very vulnerable to respiratory infections, and this encourages the growth and survival of the bacteria.

 

Mode of Transmission

Bacterial and viral meningitis are contagious and can be transmitted through tiny droplets of respiratory secretions from an infected person during close contact such as kissing, coughing or sneezing on someone, as well as sharing of eating or drinking utensils.

Carrier rates may be as high as 25% during endemic periods and as high as 50% during epidemics. Incubation periods vary from 2 to 10 days.

Anyone can contract meningitis, but people whose bodies have trouble fighting infections are
more susceptible.

 

Symptoms of Cerebrospinal Meningitis

Meningitis can progress rapidly. One must seek medical care quickly when you experience the
following symptoms:

  • Sudden high fever
  • Severe headache
  • Neck stiffness
  • Photophobia (increased sensitivity to light)
  • Vomiting
  • Confusion and convulsions

In babies, there may be bulging of the anterior fontanelle (soft part of the head)
Although sometimes CSM can end up in fatality, most often it can be successfully treated with
intravenous antibiotics.

Early treatment can help prevent serious long-term consequences such as
deafness, blindness, epileptic seizures, and brain damage.

 

How to Prevent Cerebrospinal Meningitis

You can prevent CSM and avoid possible complications by practicing effective prevention. As
preventive measures one needs to:

  • Avoid overcrowded places.
  • Avoid direct contact with people coughing or sneezing.
  • Allow adequate ventilation in our houses.
  • Seek immediate medical help when you notice any of the symptoms of CSM.

 


File extract from: DR. OXANA ALEXANDROVNA GORLEKU/UCC/ARCHIVES

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Comment on this

General News

Speaker Alban Bagbin travels again to Dubai for medical checks

Published

on

Alban Bagbin

Speaker Alban Bagbin travels again to Dubai for medical checks

The Speaker of Parliament, Rt. Hon. Alban Bagbin is scheduled to travel to the United Arab Emirates (Dubai) again for his due medical review.

In a letter to President Akufo-Addo, the Speaker explained that his trip for another medical review was due on January 7, 2022.

“I am writing to inform you of my absence from Ghana from Friday, 7 January 2022 till Sunday 23, 2022 in order to honour an appointment for a medical review in the United Arab Emirates.”

“It is also important to bring to your attention that the House will resume its sittings for the First Meeting of the Second Session of the 8th Parliament on Tuesday 25 January 2022,” the letter from the Speaker’s Office noted.

Speaker Bagbin also informed the President that “prior to the resumption of the House, Parliament intends to undertake a Covid-19 (booster) vaccination exercise for Members of Parliament and Officers of the Parliamentary Service.”

Copy of the Speaker’s letter to Prez. Akufo-Addo;

alban bagbin's letter to Akufo-addo

Alban Bagbin was in UAE in November 2021, for similar medical check-ups.

Meanwhile, Parliament will be resuming the controversial debate on the 1.75% Electronic Transaction Levy (E-Levy) which has divided the House and caused massive uproar amongst Ghanaians.

The E-Levy approval is expected to rake in a little above ¢6 billion in tax revenue for the country.

This month [January 2022] we will go back to the floor of Parliament with the E-Levy and ensure that it gets passed by the end of the month,” Minister of State at the Finance Ministry, Charles Adu-Boahen said during the investiture of the newly elected president of the Association of Ghana Industries, Humphrey Anim-Dake.

Continue Reading

General News

Data from SIM card re-registration is bogus; we advised them to stop – NIA Boss

Published

on

Data from SIM card re-registration is bogus

Data from SIM card re-registration is bogus; we advised them to stop – NIA Boss

Photos of letters signed by the Executive Secretary of the National Identification Authority (NIA) in response to the National Communications Authority (NCA) regarding the commencement of the SIM Card re-registration reveal NIA’s initial rejection of the move since September 2021.

The Executive Secretary of NIA, Prof. Kenneth Attafuah has described the so-called biometric data being collected by the various telecommunication companies in the ongoing SIM card re-registration as useless.

In the letter, Professor Kenneth Attafuah, and his outfit cannot confirm that the data being collected by the telcos “will meet the standard to enable successful verification against the National Identification System (NIS) database.”

The letter was in response to a request for information to ascertain the synergy between the NIA data collection and the exercise being conducted by the telcos as being championed by the Communications Ministry through NCA.

“NIA is unable to confirm that the biometric data to be collected by the NCA for the purpose described above will meet the standard to enable successful verification against the National Identification System (NIS) database,” portion of the letter stated.

“The use of an App that is not developed or certified by NIA to rend the Ghana Card using a two-step data collection and verification process is outside NIA’s control. NIA is, therefore, unable to guarantee the results of such a process.”

Data from SIM card re-registration is bogusData from SIM card re-registration is bogusData from SIM card re-registration is bogus

Scanned copies of the letters dated September 2021 were first shared by one Selorm Branttie, Vice President at Imani Center for Policy & Education who doubles as Global Strategy Director at mPedigree Network, on his Facebook timeline.

Continue Reading

African News

Nigeria commits to pay off US$28.7 million capital arrears in Shelter Afrique

Published

on

Nigeria Finance Minister Dr Zainab Shamsuna Ahmed and Shelter Afrique MD Andrew Chimphondah

Abuja – January 11, 2022: The Federal Republic of Nigeria has pledged to pay the full capital arrear of US$28.7m in Shelter Afrique, Nigeria’s Finance Minister Dr. Zainab Shamsuna Ahmed disclosed at a meeting with Shelter Afrique Group Managing Director and CEO Mr. Andrew Chimphondah in Abuja.

The Minister further disclosed that the payment will be made in four installments starting January 2022.

In September 2020, the pan African housing development financier received US$$9.4 million from Nigeria. The contribution moved Nigeria to become the second-largest shareholding in the organization with 13.27% of the shareholding, behind Kenya with 17.78%, and ahead of the AfDB at 12.83%.

Lauding the government of Nigeria for its show of confidence in the institution and a stamp of approval for the organisation’s financial turnaround, Mr. Andrew Chimphondah said, “This is a major milestone which is set to propel Nigeria to become the largest shareholder in Shelter-Afrique when the country meets its capital commitment. This is a strong testament of the strong shareholder commitment and support of the Shelter Afrique Board and Management.”

Housing Bond

Shelter Afrique is planning to raise 250 Billion Naira Bond (US$500million) in 2022 to support its affordable housing projects in Nigeria. The Company is set to commence the road shows with prospective investors in January 2022 and is expected to conclude fundraising by end of February.

Shelter Afrique has embarked on a defined strategy of developing and deepening local capital markets so that access to local currency which is competitively priced can be made available to Nigerian Developers from the Real Estate Developers Association of Nigeria (REDAN), Large Developers and Tier 1 and Tier 2 Banks and Primary Mortgage Lenders. The significance of this is that Shelter-Afrique will have been successful in dealing with the foreign exchange exposure risks that have crippled many African countries caused by the weakening of local African currencies against hard currencies such as the United States Dollar and the British Pound Sterling,” Mr. Chimphondah said.

Thanking the Finance Minister Dr. Zainab Shamsuna Ahmed for supporting the Bond Issue by the approvals received on critical waivers from the Ministry of Finance, Mr. Chimphondah noted that Nigeria was a critical and strategic market for Shelter Afrique, adding that the fund realized from the bond issue will go a long way in address the affordable housing shortage in the country, now estimated at 17 Million Units against the continent’s 56 million units.

“As a response to addressing this housing shortage, Shelter Afrique will implement a transformative strategy that will crowd in additional capital funding into the low cost large scale affordable housing market in a commercially viable manner,” Mr. Chimphondah concluded.

Continue Reading

Trending

%d bloggers like this: