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Ghana Takes a Green Leap: President Akufo-Addo to Launch Electric Vehicle Policy at COP 28 in Dubai



President Akufo-Addo to Launch Electric Vehicle Policy at COP 28

In a groundbreaking move towards sustainability, President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo is set to launch Ghana’s Electric Vehicle (EV) Policy at COP 28, the climate change conference in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). The launch marks Ghana’s strategic entry into the realm of electric vehicles, aligning with global efforts to combat climate change and reduce emissions in the transportation sector.

Background: Legal Framework and Policy Development

Ghana’s legal framework for vehicle importation underwent significant changes, particularly with the ban on the importation of Light Duty Vehicles older than 10 years and salvaged vehicles, as per the Customs Amendment Act, 2020. To pave the way for the adoption of electric vehicles, the Ministry of Transport collaborated with the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) in 2021 to conduct studies informing the development of the national EV policy.

National Transport Policy and Vision of the EV Policy


The Revised National Transport Policy (NTP) 2020 emphasizes the promotion of environmentally friendly transport, aligning with the forthcoming EV policy. The vision of the EV policy is centered on sustainable adoption and utilization of safe and affordable EVs to reduce emissions and enhance public well-being.

Objectives of the EV Policy

The EV policy outlines eight objectives accompanied by strategies and a clear roadmap for implementation. Key activities in the initial phase (2024-2026) include the establishment of a climate change unit, public education, regulatory framework development, standards for EVs, and human capital development for the EV value chain.

Phase-wise Implementation and Targets

The project unfolds in two phases, with the first phase focusing on foundational activities. By 2026, the aim is to create the climate for EV adoption through awareness, education, and regulatory frameworks. Phase two (2027-2035) targets a 35% EV penetration rate, with ambitious plans for government fleet transition, aiming for 60% EVs in the car and van fleet by 2035.


Stakeholder Consultations and Optimism

Extensive consultations with stakeholders, including regional administrations, government bodies, private sector organizations, transport operators, and academia, have been integral to the policy’s development. The participatory approach ensures a comprehensive understanding of concerns and views, fostering effective implementation and ownership.

Towards a Sustainable Future

The government of Ghana envisions that the EV policy’s implementation will contribute significantly to the nation’s broader vision of being a “just, free, and prosperous” country with high national income and broad social development. Furthermore, it underscores Ghana’s commitment to fulfilling its pledge to the Paris Agreement, demonstrating the country’s dedication to sustainable practices and global climate goals.